Did you know that:There is a case of stroke reported somewhere or the other, every 40 seconds?
The incidence of people experiencing a new or recurrent stroke is increasing every year?Stroke is the leading cause of disability in adults, especially over the age of 60?Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and that a death attributed to Stroke is reported every 4 minutes?And last, but not the least, did you know that 80 percent of strokes can be prevented?
In this day and age, when people have easy access to knowledge, it seems too sad to know that easily preventable medical conditions like Stroke are still on the rise. Websites like www.xareltomedication.org are committed to help people living all over the world to overcome the threat this illness poses. There are many FDA approved drugs in the market that are designed to treat the causes of Stroke. The FDA has also provided some valuable information in this regard at http://www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/drugsafety/ucm280333.pdf.
A stroke occurs when there is a reduction or interruption in the supply of blood to any part of the brain. This robs the brain of precious oxygen and vital nutrients leading to the death of brain cells. As the brain controls the various functions of the body, the death of brain cells in any of its part will cause the functions associated with that part to cease.
Around 85 percent of strokes fall under the category of the Ischemic Stroke. One of the major types of Stroke, The Ischemic Stroke happens when the arterial pathways to the brain become either narrowed or blocked, causing ischemia, i.e., reduced blood flow. The usual culprit is the dreaded Blood Clot.
Ischemic stroke can be further classified as:
Thrombotic stroke: A thrombotic stroke occurs when the blood clot, called Thrombus, appears in one of the arteries that supply blood to your brain. This type of blood clot is due to the plaque or fatty deposits that build up in arteries or other artery conditions.
Embolic stroke: Embolic stroke occurs when a blood clot or debris called an Embolus, travels from one part of the body and lodges in a narrow brain artery. This results in the stoppage of the blood flow to the brain.
Another horrible condition caused by Blood Clots is Pulmonary Embolism, commonly known as PE. It is usually caused by a blood clot called Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT for short. When a Deep Vein Thrombosis leads to the occurrence of Pulmonary Embolism, either the whole clot, or a part of the clot, breaks away from where it was formed and travels towards the heart. It then travels to the lungs and in that course it unfortunately blocks a blood vessel. This then causes the lowering of oxygen levels in the blood. The lungs and heart end up getting severely affected by this.
Anticoagulants are designed to effectively prevent the formation of such life-threatening blood clots. The common anticoagulants used are Warfarin and Heparin. Both these drugs require constant monitoring. But, a new generation of anticoagulants has recently hit the market. Xarelto is an oral, direct Factor Xa inhibitor designed to be used as the next generation anticoagulant to combat the avoidable deaths caused by Blood Clots.